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Getting Started with Montage

Montage is an HTML5 framework for building rich single-page applications (SPAs). The framework features mobile-optimized user interface widgets, logic-less templates, reusable components, simple and two-way bindings between components and objects, implicit event delegation, a managed draw cycle, and powerful command line tools for kickstarting and compiling SPA projects.

Next-gen Front-end Development

Most frameworks provide you with a download link to code libraries. The entire framework typically includes a lot more functionality than needed for any given application. Including whole frameworks and libraries creates a lot of overhead and downloaded bytes, problematic in a web app environment with bandwidth and processing constraints.

Montage takes a different approach. You do not need to download or link to a prebuilt, kitchensink-style framework in your application. Montage uses the CommonJS module system and is part of the npm package ecosystem. This makes it easy for developers to set up a client-side development environment and organize their code base. In development, you require the modules and components that provide just the functionality you need. For production, you use mop, the Montage optimizer, to analyze your project and its dependencies, and then create a minified and optimized version of your source code, which includes only those modules and components your application actually uses.

Setting Up Montage Development

Before you can start building applications with Montage, you need to set up your development environment. The setup involves installing the following software package and command line tools:

You also need a recent stable release of an evergreen browser, e.g. Chrome, Safari, Firefox, etc.

Before You Begin

Download and run the prebuilt Node.js installer for your platform from the Node.js website if you haven’t already. Montage uses Node.js and npm, which is part of the Node.js installation, for its command line tools and for version and code dependency management in development.

Step 1: Install minit

The minit command line tool provides a convenient way to kickstart your Montage projects. With minit you can quickly generate an application template that includes everything you need to start building a mobile-optimized SPA. Use the following commands to install the latest version of minit for your platform:

  • Mac OS X / Linux: Open a Terminal window and type:

      $ sudo npm install -gq minit@latest

    Note: Minit does not need sudo access; npm uses sudo to make command line utilities such as minit available system wide. Also, when run as root, npm will downgrade permissions before running any build scripts that package authors specified. For more details see the npm readme.

  • Windows: Open the Command Prompt and type:

      npm install -gq minit@latest

Step 2: Create a New Project

To create a new Montage project, enter the following command at the prompt (app-name = a short and descriptive name of your choice):

$ minit create:app -n app-name

This generates the app-name directory—which includes the Montage code dependencies—in your current directory.

Note: For a brief overview of the files and folders included in a default Montage project, see the readme file in the “app-name” project directory.

Step 3: Verify Your Setup

To verify your setup:

  1. Switch to the app-name directory and use minit to serve your project:

     $ cd app-name
     $ minit serve &

    Note: In development, Montage applications rely on the XMLHttpRequest (XHR) API to load components and modules (which is why you need a server to preview your project in progress); minit serve & sets up a local on-demand web server. The ampersand (&) option ensures that you don’t have to open a second Terminal window while working on your project.

  2. Point your browser to http://localhost:8083/.

    If all went well, you should see a blank page with a version reference in the upper left corner of the page (see Figure 1).

    Montage development is set up.
    Figure 1. Montage development is set up.

You are now ready to start coding.

Next Steps

  • To learn how to build a simple Montage application, continue with Hello Montage
  • To explore Montage on your own, check out other docs, articles & demos using the left navigation